For Part I,
you needed to include a minimum of eight quotations from six sources,
including at least one book and three scholarly articles. For the
position paper, the requirements are slightly lower: six quotations from at least five sources; the minimum number of books and scholarly articles still applies, as does the minimum of five Type 1 quotations. The secondary sources may be books, essays
collected in volumes, articles published in journals (print
or online), or video documentaries.
Check other sources with me.
To be useful, a source must require citation. Therefore, it must
either offer the author’s judgment or present information that
resulted specifically from the author’s research. Note that I want you to avoid quoting only
because of phrasing.
You may not
cite any secondary source more than three times in the essay, only one quotation
of those three can be long enough to require block-quoting, and if you quote any secondary source three times, you must rebut one of them. No quotation should be longer than one hundred words. Again, quotations must be long enough to be meaningful but should not be so long that they make achieving a good ratio of commentary to quotation achievable.
Remember that while paraphrasing is acceptable practice, and can help you shorten a passage to more manageable size, which in turn helps you achieve a better ratio of commentary to quotation, direct quotation is inherently stronger and more persuasive. I recommend that if you do paraphrase, you anchor the paraphrase in a final quotation of at least one clause.
You must make use of every quotation that makes a judgment of some kind by extending, applying, or
rebutting it with either logic or evidence, as we have discussed.
A quotation to which you merely defer and allow to make your point for you does not count toward the assignment requirements, and indeed often weakens your argument.
You must have at least one rebuttal in your essay.
You must cite every quotation according to APA or MLA protocols. If a source appears in your works cited or references list, you must have actually cited it in your
Structurally, the essay may be closed-form or open-form, but I will reward you for attempting open-form. Either way, I expect a strong introduction and conclusion that are absolutely not interchangeable.
The paper should be thoughtfully organized. Subheads are optional, but I recommend them.
The paper should be clearly written throughout, and grammatically as close to flawless as you can manage. Style matters, too, and particularly graceful writing will earn a bonus.