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The Five Strands of Mathematics Proficiency


Click on each strand for classroom structures that promote this strand:

(1) Conceptual understanding refers to the “integrated and functional grasp of mathematical ideas”, which “enables them [students] to learn new ideas by connecting those ideas to what they already know.” A few of the benefits of building conceptual understanding are that it supports retention, and prevents common errors. (NRC, 2001, p. 116)


Modeling Mathematics

Mathematics Vocabulary

Concept mapping