Search engines consist of two main types.† They are crawler-based search engines and human powered directories.† The main differences is that crawler-based engines have automatic lists where as human powered ones require that information be submitted so websites are found that match close to the exact description.
There are three basic elements of crawler-based engines.† The crawler is the element that goes to the web page and reads it and makes the connections to similar websites.† The crawler, also known as the spider, returns to the web pages regularly to look for any changes.† The second part of the search engine is the index.† The index includes everything that the spider finds which keeps it like a big organized book of web pages.† Lastly, there is the search engine software.† This software is very important because it goes through all the web pages and ranks them in order of importance for someone when they are trying to perform a search.† An example of a crawler-based search engine is HotBot.†
The search engines have
to get the most relevant information filed out from the information that may
not be as relevant.† Algorithm is an important set of rules followed by search
engines. The general rules include:
∑ The location/frequency method depending on the keywords
∑ HTML pages are usually more important and useful
∑ Where the keywords appear on the web page
∑ How often keywords appear on a specific web page
∑ Meta tags are also used and sometime propel certain pages to the top/relevant positions
∑ Links to other pages are also considered
keywords carefully by imagining what words you would think of if you were performing
a specific search.
∑ Make sure your keywords appear on the web pages in the most important places such as titles or high up on the page.
∑ Make sure you have good references and reliable content
∑ Make a site map as well as good links within your pages and include hyper links that take a searcher to the main pages.
∑ Try to avoid symbols as part of the URL.
∑ Try to use meta tags.
∑ Build good links into your page.
∑ Continue to check on links so the page stays up to date.
In using human powered directories, a person types in a description for the web sites you want to locate.† The directory only matches websites that directly relate to the description the person typed in originally.† Yahoo is one example of this kind of search engine.
∑ Specialty Search Engines
∑ Regional Search Engines
∑ News Search Engines
∑ Kids Search Engines
∑ Multimedia Search Engines
∑ Search Utilities
Major search engines are
classified based on how well known they are or how often they are used.† These
are usually more dependable for searchers also.†† Listed below are the eighteen
major search engines and an interesting fact about most of them:
∑ AOL Search-does not list AOL only content
∑ Alta Vista-consists of the most indexed pages
∑ Ask Jeeves-aims to direct someone to the exact page that fulfills the needs
∑ Direct Hit-provides research to HotBot and MSN
∑ Fast Search-has large wireless web/mobile indexes
∑ Google-known for itís high relevancy
∑ HotBot-has many power searching features including Direct Hit
∑ Iwon-backed by CBS television network
∑ Inktomi-no way to search this engine directly; only using itís partners will get you here
∑ LookSmart-websites compiled by humans
∑ MSN Search
∑ Netscape Search-lists many ďofficialĒ websites
∑ Northern Light-able to cluster documents within specific topics
∑ Open Directory-
∑ Real Names
∑ Yahoo-oldest and most popular search engine as well as the largest human-compiled guide as far as employers used for categorizing various web sites/pages
Recent Tragedy uses Search Engines
The terrorist attacks on September 11 resulted in people all over the country using the Internet and search engines to gain information on what was going on, missing people, etc.† The top ten searches according to google after the attacks were CNN, World Trade Center, BBC, Pentagon, MSNBC, Osama Bin Laden, Nostradamus, American airlines, FBI, and Barbara Olson.† People started their own personal websites to try and keep records of people missing or found so that family members could be informed.† Big databases were compiled with names of thousands of people that had been found dead or alive, or people that were still missing.† Itís amazing to me how helpful search engines are, especially in a time of national tragedy.
Search engines are very useful to almost anyone that uses a computer.† They are used to locate sites that may be pertinent and of most relevancies to what information someone is trying to find.† A reader might want to use the websites to get research on a particular thing, learn about something new, or look up anything that may be questionable.†† They are very common and the majority of computer users know about engines such as AOL and Yahoo.† Search engines will continue to grow and become even more helpful in years to come.
Search Engine Watchís General information on Search Engines
Search Engines & Terrorist Attacks: The Use of Google on September 11th
Listings of Various Search Engines