HAFE Sites


Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Permanent Lichen Biomonitoring Sites in HAFE

Surrounding the town of Harpers Ferry and the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers, HAFE is 70% forested parkland, including eastern deciduous forest in the Blue Ridge to the east, floodplain forests near rivers and mountain streams, and over 100 acres of wetlands.

Five permanent lichen biomonitoring sites have been established in the HAFE. At each location, abundance of tree-inhabiting macrolichens was recorded and  a specimen of the common lichen Flavoparmelia caperata was collected for elemental analysis. Floristic data from a 2006 survey are available, as well as elemental measurements from samples collected in 2006 and 2009.

Links are available to each site location, where all available data can be obtained. Summary data can also be obtained for all sites in HAFE:

HAFE lichens

HAFE elements

HAFE maps available from NPS

NCR Lichens Home



Links to Sites:

HAFE 01 MD Hts Military Rd
HAFE 02 MD Hts Stone Fort
HAFE 03 Miltary Road East
HAFE 04 Loudoun Hts
HAFE 05 Loudoun Hts/blue