Freedom and Domination, by Alexander Rustow (Princeton: Princeton
Press, 1980). A wide ranging critique of culture by a prominent German
liberal opponent of Hitler. An excellent starting place for the study of
the history of
How the West Grew Rich, by Nathan Rosenberg and L. E. Birdzell, Jr. (New
Basic Books, 1986). Shows the role of liberty and free movement of
and ideas in lifting the masses of the population out of poverty.
Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition, by
Berman (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983). This sweeping
historical work offers a rich understanding of the development of the
system, including such concepts as the rule of law. Berman shows how the
competition among overlapping jurisdictions and sources of law (for
urban law, feudal law, canon law, manorial law, folk law, mercantile law,
law) resulted in the emergence of liberty in the West.
Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Growth of Trade, by Henri Pirenne
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974). This important work by a
Belgian historian shows the roots of western liberty in the formation of
medieval cities and revolutionary communes, which were based on trade and
production rather than feudal exploitation.
Capitalism and the Historians, ed. by F. A. Hayek (Chicago: University of
Press, 1954). An important work that explodes many myths about the
Crisis and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American
Robert Higgs (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987). A widely
economic historian shows how American government has grown in the
century. Includes useful presentations of various theories of state
chapters on the political economy of war are especially valuable.
Modern Times: The World from the Twenties to the Nineties, by Paul
(New York: Harper Collins, 1991). A history of the rise of the twentieth
and its powers of destruction.
The Decline of American Liberalism, by Arthur Ekirch (New York: Atheneum,
1955). Displays the effects on liberalism of the growth of the
The Triumph of Conservatism, by Gabriel Kolko (New York: Free Press,
Shows how the economic regulations of the "Progressive Era" stemmed from
attempts by business groups to escape from market competition and garner
monopolies and privileges through government regulation.
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