Authors: David A. Kravitz and John Iwaniszek

Title: Number of coalitions and resources as sources of power in coalition bargaining.

Source: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 534-548. 1984.

Five-person groups of male or female undergraduates played 20 trials of a coalition game that varied the number of coalitions available to the players. Games were presented either with or without resources being assigned. Results indicated that both resources and number of alternatives influenced coalition outcomes. Players' payoffs were directly related to both factors, and coalition frequency was inversely related to the total number of alternatives available to the coalition members. Minor gender differences were also obtained. Implications of these results for coalition theories in general and weighted probability model in particular are discussed.

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